Author: region2

Understanding Depression Differences through a Dynamic Framework of Gender
Therapy Session

Course Objective

  • To define the “gender gap” in depression
  • To identify the hypothesized biological reasons for the “gender gap” in depression
  • To identify the hypothesized social and environmental reasons for the “gender gap” in depression
  • To explain the differences in how depression manifests in males vs. females
  • To describe the research that refutes common objections to the “gender gap” in depression
  • To describe the dynamic perspectives of gender

Date: July 11, 2017

Jonathan Platt, MPH, MPhil
Psychiatric Epidemiology Fellow
Columbia University Department of Epidemiology

Currently, the literature indicates that women are much more likely than men to be diagnosed with depression. While there have been some who try to attribute this difference to various research flaws, there is good evidence to refute these rebuttals and there do in fact appear to be gender differences in mental health. In this webinar, Jonathan Platt, MPH, MPhil, discusses the epidemiology of depression and the various hypotheses that have been proposed to explain the “gender gap.” These include issues of genes and hormones, social stress, epigenetics, and others. He describes the dynamic perspectives of gender and the importance of intersectionality in research design and program planning.

Moving Public Health Practice Upstream: The Role of Local Health Departments in Protecting Immigrant Health
Illustration of Colorful People

Course Objective

  • Explain the definition of “working upstream” in public health
  • Identify barriers and benefits to “working upstream”
  • Describe the “upstream” factors that impact the health of immigrants in America
  • Explain state and local strategies to promote inclusion and the role of the health department in those strategies
  • Describe the unique barriers that “new Americans” may face when accessing services in communities

Date: June 6, 2017

Emily Franzosa, DrPH, MA
Senior Researcher
CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Policy

Immigrants face many unique challenges in accessing the same public services and rights that non-immigrants may take for granted. This includes challenges in accessing health care, education, public benefits, and workers rights and protections. These challenges are largely due to “upstream” factors such as governmental policies, which means that it is very important for public health professionals to also work “upstream. In this webinar, Dr. Emily Franzosa discusses the barriers and benefits of working “upstream,” specifically in relation to immigrant health. She describes some state and local strategies to promote inclusion and improved access to resources, and the role of the health department in these strategies. Examples of inclusive services through New York’s Municipal ID (NYCID) program, Nashville’s Welcoming America program, DACA, and Pre-Health Dreamers (PHC) are also discussed.

Asian Health Disparities and Hepatitis B in the Era of Elimination
Hepatitis B Vaccine Bottle

Course Objective

  • To describe health disparities that affect Asian communities
  • To describe the factors that contribute to health disparities among Asian communities
  • To list the growing health issues that affect Asian populations

Date: May 3, 2017

Su Wang, MD, MPH
Medical Director
Center for Asian Health, Saint Barnabas Medical Center

More than half of the people infected with hepatitis B in America are Asian, despite this population having above average education and income. This leads to their increased incidence of and mortality from liver cancer. As many as 2 out of 3 patients with chronic hepatitis B may be unaware they are infected because it is often asymptomatic and doctors are underscreening. Dr. Su Wang discusses the disparities faced by the Asian population around hepatitis B and its associated complications, with a particular focus on the Asian population in New Jersey and the community partnerships that have been formed there to increase screening, vaccination, and treatment of hepatitis in this population. These disparities are a result of a combination of factors, including language barriers, cultural health traditions, being less likely than other ethnic groups to practice preventive care, and general clinical disparities (such as the diabetes epidemic occurring in this population). Dr. Wang also details the work being done by the WHO and the World Hepatitis Alliance in the #NoHep campaign in their effort to eradicate the public health problem of hepatitis B and hepatitis C by 2030.

Integration of Breast Density in Breast Cancer Screening and Risk Assessment
Breast Cancer Scan

Course Objective

  • Define breast density and its relationship to breast cancer risk and detection.
  • Describe examples of how breast density has been used in breast cancer screening and risk assessment.
  • Discuss potential implications of breast density disclosure results for breast cancer disparities.

Date: March 7, 2017

Dr. Parisa Tehranifar, DrPH
Associate Professor, Epidemiology
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University Medical Center

Breast density is the comparison of fatty tissue to fibrous tissue on a mammogram. Among women with dense breasts, it may be more difficult to detect breast tumors with a mammogram alone. Additionally, women with dense breasts may be at an increased risk of breast cancer. To improve screening of breast cancer, public health practitioners and other health professionals need to consider how breast density should be integrated into breast cancer risk assessment. In this webinar, Dr. Parisa Tehranifar discusses current challenges associated with integrating breast density into breast cancer screening such as the accuracy of breast density visual assessment, knowing when to order supplemental breast cancer screening, and social disparities associated with awareness of breast density screening.

A Community-Based Organization’s Approach to Addressing LGBT Health Disparities
Colorful Balloons in Shape of a Rainbow

Course Objective

  • Identify the social and medical barriers that impact health outcomes for these various communities
  • Cite examples of culturally sensitive and inclusive programing for LGBTQ communities

Date: February 28, 2017

Gary Paul Wright
Founder and Executive Director
African American Office of Gay Concerns

This session will describe how the African American Office of Gay Concerns (AAOGC), a non-profit agency in Newark, NJ, has made great impacts in the health of the LGBT communities, with a particular emphasis on addressing health disparities in the LGBT community. The session focuses on the social and medical barriers regularly faced by members of the LGBT community.

Non-Cigarette Tobacco Products: Patterns of Use and Community-Level Prevention Strategies
White Male with Smoke from Vape Pen

Course Objective

  • Define and describe the non-cigarette tobacco products currently on the market.
  • Identify patterns of non-cigarette tobacco product use among youth and adults in the U.S.
  • Discuss potential community-level strategies to combat product use.

Date: February 7, 2017

Daniel Giovenco, PhD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Department of Sociomedical Sciences
Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health

Although cigarettes are still used by 15% of Americans and contribute significantly to premature morbidity and mortality in the United States, new non-cigarette tobacco products are becoming increasingly popular among youth and racial and ethnic minority populations. These products include cigars and cigarillos, hookah, smokeless tobacco, and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Each non-cigarette tobacco product has different risks, patterns of use, and potential to create health disparities, making solutions for prevention and harm reduction as varied as the types of non-cigarette tobacco products. To prevent the use of non-cigarette tobacco products, public health professionals need to be able to define the current market of non-cigarette tobacco products, understand how these products are regulated by different levels of government, and use health promotion and disease prevention strategies at the community-level.

Crossing the Quality Chasm in Public Health
Illustration Showing Efficiency, Cost and Quality

Course Objective

  • Define the components of continuous quality improvement (CQI) and describe its applications.
  • Articulate the rationale for recent promotion of quality improvement frameworks in public health policy and practice.
  • Identify resources, including online training opportunities, to assist in the incorporation of CQI into your public health practice .

Date: December 21, 2016

Thomas I. Mackie
Assistant Professor, Department of Health Systems and Policy
Rutgers University School of Public Health

This presentation will provide an introduction to a continuous quality improvement framework, the rationale for promotion of quality improvement in policy and practice, and tools and resources to facilitate incorporation into your public health practice.

Structural Factors and Sexual Orientation Health Disparities in Adolescent Substance Use: A Multi-level Analysis
Male Passing Female Drugs

Course Objective

  • Explain why it is important to understand structural causes of health disparities among sexual minority youth.
  • Describe why substance use disparities might be a large and persistent cause of disparate morbidity among sexual minority youth.
  • List potential outcomes to expect for sexual orientation substance use disparities among youth given the changing political landscape.

Date: December 6, 2016

M. Somjen Frazer
PhD Student, ABD in Sociomedical Sciences
Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health

In this webinar, Ms. Frazer discusses the substance use disparities among sexual minority youth, specifically in the realms of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana and other drugs. She discusses why these disparities exist, and explores what the structural determinants of these disparities are, including structural stigma and policy environments.

Communicable Disease: Public Health Response and Investigation
Minimalistic Illustration of Bacteria

Course Objective

  • Provide a description of public health principles and the structure of public health at the federal, state and local level.
  • Explain how local and state public health partners and New Jersey state laws and regulations guide communicable disease response and investigation.
  • Apply applicable public health and epidemiology principles to a case study.

Date: November 22, 2016

Sonya E. Frontin
Regoinal Epidemiology Program, EEOH/Communicable Disease Service
New Jersey Department of Health

This presentation will begin with a review of Public Health and its structure at the federal; state and local level. The New Jersey Department of Health Communicable Disease Service works closely with local county and municipal health departments and how that is done will be explained. There will be a review of the roles and responsibilities that guide reporting and investigation of communicable diseases throughout the state of New Jersey. The presentation will close with a review of a case study of a Campylobacteriosis outbreak investigation at a residential school in New Jersey- reviewing the guidelines used in communicable disease investigation.

Critical Consciousness-based Health Promotion Interventions for Racial and Sexual Minority Populations
Two Black Men Laughing

Course Objective

  • Define Critical Consciousness
  • Describe the Mobilizing our Voices for Empowerment (MOVE) intervention for young Black gay/bisexual men living with HIV
  • Discuss current and future critical consciousness intervention research

Date: November 1, 2016

Patrick Wilson, PhD
Associate Professor Sociomedical Sciences
Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health

Critical Consciousness involves becoming aware of the broader social, political, and cultural forces that perpetuate oppression and inequality. Helping to raise individuals’ awareness and recognition of such forces in their daily lives can fuel empowerment, self-esteem, and other precursors to positive health behavior change. In this webinar, Dr. Patrick Wilson will discuss how critical consciousness can be used to support behavior change interventions for marginalized groups, such as black MSM youth.

Region 2 Public Health Training Center